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Geography of India


Separated by the mighty Himalayas from China, Tibet and the rest of Asia, the geography of India is certainly one of the most impressive of all countries. The massive country is immediately recognizable on any world map due o it’s protruding nature deep into the Indian Ocean. It’s surrounded by over 4671 miles of coastline, to the East by the Bay of Bengal, the Indian Ocean to the south and, to the West by the Arabian Sea. In the North it borders China, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan along well over 9445 miles of land frontier.

The continent is divided up into 28 different states which between them somehow magically represent every possible landscape, climate and cultural diversification imaginable. Follow the link at the bottom of the page for more information.

The highest point in India is the peak of K2 in the Himalayas at roughly 8611 meters tall (and Growing). From the bottom of India to the top it’s almost 2000 miles, from East to West around 1850 miles wide and the whole subcontinent covers an massive (but slightly controversial) area of 1,269,219 square miles.

You can find loads more information and picture by following the link at the bottom of this page.

The North

The geography of India in the North is that of the Himalayan mountain range which contrast completely with the flat Northern plain as it stretches right across the top of India. The great plain, as it is known, goes from the capital Delhi all the way to the Bay of Bengal in the West carrying the River Ganges with it. Amazingly the decline of it’s slope over this huge area (roughly 1000 miles) is a tiny 198 meters.

The South

As the great Northern plain heads south it begins to go into a high plateau known as the Deccan. To the West of the the huge plateau are the beautiful Western Ghats that lead down to the sea and then on the East the Eastern Ghats which run parallel to the sea. Both mountain ranges meet in the deep South and form the Nigeria Hills.

The Godiva and Krishna Rivers are the two big rivers in South India and both rise on the Western side of the Western Ghats before flowing East over the Deccan and then down into the sea on the East coast.

The West

The Geography of India in the West is somewhat different to the rest of India. The west contains the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa and part of the large, central state of Nadya Prudish. The land along the coast is typically lush, with rain forests reaching southward from Bombay all the way to Goa.

The East

The East of is characterized by the Ganges river and, amongst others, the states of Madhya Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa. East India also contains an area known as the eastern triangle extends beyond Bangladesh, culminating in the Naga Hills by the border of Burma.